V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University is a higher education institution located in Simferopol. It is one of the 10 federal universities of the Russian Federation.
The University traces its history back to the establishment of Taurida University, the first institution of higher education in Crimea, which was established in 1918 on the initiative of Solomon Krym.
Lectures at the Department of Physics and Mathematics and the Department of Medicine, located then in Yalta, started in May 1918. By autumn 1918, all five University departments – History and Philology, Physics and Mathematics, Law, Medicine and Agronomy – were relocated to Simferopol. They were accommodated in the premises of a former military hospital, women’s diocesan school, a seminary, and in private properties.
Among the originators of Taurida University were the scientists of Kiev University. They elected the first board headed by Rector, an eminent figure in medical science, Professor Roman Gelwig. After his death on October 13, 1920, Academician Vladimir Vernadsky was elected the University’s rector.
With the establishment of the Soviet authority, the University was reorganized. In February 1, 1921, it was renamed M.V. Frunze Crimean University. During the 1920s and early 1930s it served as the foundation for the establishment of the three higher education institutions: pedagogical, medical, and agricultural institutes.
Among the University’s most notable alumni are Academician Dmitry Shcherbakov (1922), Academician Igor Kurchatov, Member of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences Kirill Sinelnikov (1923), Corresponding Members of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR Gleb Frank (1925) and Kirill Shchyolknin (1932).
A number of eminent scientists who are the pride and honour of Russian science worked at the peninsula’s first higher education institution at different points in time. Among them were Vladimir Vernadsky, Vladimir Obruchev, Aleksandr Baikov, Vladimir Palladin, Abram Ioffe, Igor Tamm, Igor Kurchatov, Kiril Shchiolkin, Gleb Frank, and others. The intention to create a new federal university was announced by Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev on March 31, 2014 at a government meeting in Simferopol. In an interview with Izvestia newspaper on April 10, 2014, Minister of Education and Science of the Russian Federation Dmitry Livanov said that the federal university would be created on the basis of Vernadsky Taurida University.
On August 4, 2014, under the Decree of Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University was established. The tenth federal university comprises leading Crimean universities, institutes, and research and science institutions. The University has more than 32,000 students from Russia and 54 countries.